The theater in Naples saw its beginnings lost in the mists of time. Certainly there is no intention to begin our history since the time of the Caesars, we want to tell of the many companies that wandering in the middle ages crowded the streets in times of fairs and markets. We start our story from the year 1500. The first certain that we are by history, go back to the time of the birth of the first court aragonese actors and playwrights Neapolitans. In fact, towards the end of the fifteenth century, the Aragonese court, having the glory of Cariteo, is a poet named Pietro Antonio Caracciolo, author of a farce called "The farce of the quote," of which we received only small fragments . But a few years earlier, on March 4, 1492, in a room at Castel Capuano, another Neapolitan poet Jacopo Sannazaro, celebrating the victories of the Spaniards and the taking of the city of Granada in the presence of Alfonso of Aragon, Duke of Calabria, ridiculing the prophet Mohammed and extolling the deeds of the leader aragonese; this work entitled "Arcadia" ricalcava what was the dramatic style of the '500 and that serve as a gilded mirror for rulers, where the textures and beats nothing tools that were of worship. This could not be good for the knights, desirous of pure fun. The turning point was by P.A. Caracciolo that the work "Imagico" (the magician) repudiated the lacy and flowery language of the rulers and the people drew from both the plot and the dialectic. He appeared on stage "... wearing a toga, with bearded face antiqua et de summa auctoritą accompanied by four soy de discepuli white clothes." We can then establish that the first real Neapolitan theater actors were James Sannazaro and PA Caracciolo, authors and filmmakers themselves, that had, among other things, also about to release the theater from the walls of the courts and royal palaces, bringing in the crowd that in future it will be a reason for living.