The peak between 700 and 800.
'' But it's between 700 and 800'' that the pizza is emerging as one of the favorite dishes of the Neapolitan people. In'' 700 is packaged in a pizza ovens to be so sold on the streets and alleys of the city: an apprentice who carried balanced on the head of the stove, went directly to buyers pizzas, ready-made with different ingredients and condiments, after being notified of its arrival with sonorous and characteristic calls. In between the 700 and the 800 started to take hold in the habit of enjoying the pizza ovens at these as well as the street or at home, a sign of the growing favor encountered this dish already entered fully in the power of the people Neapolitan pizza is born in the form we know and are calling themselves also features so-called "physical" and "environment" of the pizza as we know it. The wood oven, a marble counter where the pizza is packed, the shelf where they'll showcase the ingredients that will make up the different varieties of pizza, tables where customers consume it, the external exposure of pizzas sold to through: all of which are still laid in pizza Campane.si begins, if not to eat, to distinguish especially the pizza, in Naples, before his flight segments in the world. And the red tomato pizza is also the one who gives back interest, and draws attention to all the other pizzas, including the first were probably those with garlic and oil, raw, or cooked, one with mozzarella and anchovies, one covered by tiny fish called cicinielli, which seems also one of the oldest. And yet we talk about a pizza folded booklet, which perhaps was a sort of calzone, stuffed with her. The first ovens were lined with refractory bricks and fire fueled by wood. Later, it was considered ideal in the oven covered with lapilli Vesuvius, still more suitable bricks to reach the high temperature and to obtain the best pizzas. Artists and writers described the pizza, D'Annunzio, wrote the verses of one of the most beautiful Neapolitan songs: A vucchella. Salvatore di Giacomo, dedicated to pizza several times his verses. However many are the poets, writers, musicians who in modern times have dedicated to pizza some spark of their genius and their fancy. He also dealt extensively the father of the Three Musketeers, Alexandre Dumas, during a series of his travel writing: a kind of services as a special correspondent, collected in "Corricolo". Dumas put together, on pizza, keen observations and information brainy. He wrote, for example, that "the pizza is a sort of squashed as they make it to St. Denis, is round in shape, and working with the same dough bread. At first glance it is a simple food: submitted for examination, there will be a complicated food. He was right, and that reference to cakes of St. Denis tells us that a kind of pizza is universal food: while a certain way to bake and decorate the disc of dough instead everything is Neapolitan, and is what has conquered the world. Dumas also various types of pizza: the most common, then, in the first half of the nineteenth century, namely oil, fat, pork fat, cheese, tomato, and little fishes (cicinielli , in fact). It stated, quietly, that there was also a kind of pizza that "eight", which was cooked a week before eating. He had made a big blunder, the pizza at eight institutions remained a long time, perhaps even in vogue in our day, meant that the pizza was eaten immediately but was paid to eight days away, even if this facility cost some real premium. Finally, we talk a lot of pizza in a famous work "Customs and Traditions of Naples, "a French author named: De Bourcard, but it was totally worth it anyway and that napoletanizzato aid of a superesperto - we would say today - Cavalier Emanuele Rocco. We are in the middle of the nineteenth century, now, around 1850, I quote from the text: "The pizza is not in the vocabulary of Bran, for it is the flower (flour) and it is a specialty of Naples. Take a piece of dough (bread), spread it and spread it with a rolling pin or striking him with the palms of your hands, put on what comes into your head, season it with oil or lard, cook over the fire, eat, and you will know what is the pizza . The cakes are crushed and any such thing, but the embryo of art. "Then this text also enumerates the varieties of pizza longer in use: and those with garlic and oil, in addition, oregano and salt; with grated cheese, basil, or with small fish, others with mozzarella, ham, clams, and appears, but not as a function of primary importance, the tomato. Thus we arrive at the end of the century, a famous episode, which must but telling in its true terms. We are, exactly, in 1889. That summer King Umberto I and the Queen Margherita spent in Naples, in the palace of Capodimonte, as he wanted a certain rule of the monarchy, to make act of presence in the ancient Kingdom of Two Sicilies. The queen was curious about the pizza that had never tasted and which perhaps he had heard from some writer or artist admitted to court. But she could not go to a pizzeria, the pizza came to her, using the ovens of royal kitchens, the pizzas were prepared, one with pork fat, which is a kind of lard, cheese and basil with a garlic, olive oil and tomatoes, and a third with mozzarella, tomato and basil, that the colors of Italian flag , which thrilled particularly Queen Margherita, and not just for patriotic reasons. This was the occasion for which you named it the Margherita Pizza. Then the story became known outside Naples, the pizza Margherita and spread, some furoreggiò 'everywhere. And this story is true, only that the pizza margherita or pizza margherita, as we began to call her, went to a novelty, a real invention, while you know that already existed before. It was not considered among the most classical and important, but in Naples it was already. For example, to another queen, Maria Carolina Bourbon, who was fond of pizza, so much that he wanted to court, the palace of St. Ferdinand, a special oven. Carolina loved that pizza very white, red and green, but perhaps if he could have imagined that these were the colors of Italy united under another dynasty, which would have kicked her, not much would have been more enthusiastic. It is certain that the Daisy has contributed greatly to spread the pizza first in northern Italy and then throughout the world. The two pizzas that have done more roads is the so-called Neapolitan, equal to the margherita but with anchovies, and the same daisy. But Historically, we have seen, others have come before and patents of nobility, of the Neapolitan authenticity. All this, of course, took no position one way or another: the pizzas are now many species, and they are all exciting.